ENEELVLT
     
 

1. Audio document. Meeting of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas Council, 25 July 1989, Vilnius.

 

1.1. Institution

Lithuanian Central State Archive

 

1.2. Address

O.Milašiaus g. 21, LT-10102 Vilnius, Lithuania

 

1.3. Inventory number of the object

Temporary numbers Nr. Mg 103, Mg 104 (document under inventory).

 

1.4. Type

Audio document.

 

1.5. Name/ Title

Meeting of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas Council, 25 July 1989, Vilnius.

 

1.6. Compiler (Creator) of the document

Representatives of the Seimas Council of the Lithuanian Reform movement Sajūdis.

 

1.7. Place of compilation (Creation)

Vilnius, Lithuania

 

1.8. Date of compilation (Creation)

25 July 1989

 

1.9. Language

Lithuanian

 

1.10. Material

2 magnetic tapes.

 

1.11. Duration

185 min.

 

1.12. Description of the object

The document consists of 2 magnetic tapes. (BASF LH-EI 90). Sound quality is normal.

 

1.13. Description of the contents

The activities and plans of the Sąjūdis related to 23 August 1989 are discussed at the meeting of the Sąjūdis Seimas Council. Great attention is devoted to the final results of the work of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact Commission within the Supreme Council, there are discussions about Lithuania's participation in the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact Commission set up at the Supreme Council of the USSR in Moscow for the evaluation of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact; speakers share their opinion about the work at the Baltic Council, which is also preparing the evaluation of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact - the results of the evaluation are to be announced on 23 August 1989 during the Sąjūdis Seimas session.

 

The participants are introduced to the Baltic Way event to be arranged on 23 August 1989. The rally will stretch from the borders of Finland to Poland's border; people would join hands on the N-14 motorway and assemble in meetings in all three Baltic States. Bearing in mind the Baltic Way event, it is suggested that the Session of the Sąjūdis Seimas on 23 August 1989 be shortened in order to leave the afternoon and evening of 23 August 1989 free for mass activities - participation in the Baltic Way and the mass meetings.

 

The delegates of the Sąjūdis Seimas Session agree upon the proposal and a proposal is brought up to work short hours or to work on a weekend instead, thus providing the possibility for people to participate and join in the action.

 

Doubts are also raised concerning the Session on 23 August 1989 because members of the Sąjūdis Seimas will have to take part in local meetings, and in practice this will be difficult to arrange if the delegates are engaged in the Sąjūdis Session.

 

On behalf of Vilnius Sąjūdis Board, it is suggested that the 23 August be proclaimed the Day of Mourning and Hope; a proposal is put forward to organize a meeting in Vilnius and to come together in the evening for the Commemoration Meeting to be held on the Cathedral Square.Some members of the Seimas approve the proposal to gather for the Session because the Sąjūdis Seimas is the institution, the supreme forum, to represent Lithuania, and the Baltic Way should symbolize the common fate of the three Baltic States and their first joint effort to change that fate.

 

Attention is given to the fact that activities are expected to be a mass event, which raises some questioning about how complicated it could be to organize the activities in all places at the same time. The delegates speak about the difficulties in organizing the Baltic Way that might be expected, and some doubts are shared concerning the great enthusiasm of the people. An idea is put forward to invite other Lithuanian organizations, regional Sąjūdis movement representatives, to join the action and ask them to assist Sąjūdis in organizing the Baltic Way and in the discussions on the issue. Then the task force which will prepare the scenario of the Baltic Way is introduced (the names are read aloud). Virgilijus Čepaitis is appointed to head this task force. Others are kindly invited to join the task force on a voluntary basis.

 

Some suggestions reflect an opinion that the Baltic Way should not be such a mass event, which would make it easier to control, having in mind that the previous actions „Embrace the Baltic Sea" and "Embracement of Ignalina" turned out to be a failure because of the small number of participants. Some members expressed their doubts concerning the logistics and further transporting of people to the planned evening meetings.Then a suggestion is put forward to invite the Sąjūdis Seimas members Zigmas Vaišvila, Kazys Saja and Arūnas Grumadas to join the task force as they already have some practice in organizing mass events. It is also suggested to invite into the process of organizing the Baltic Way representatives of those districts of Lithuania through which the Baltic Way will run.

 

1.14. History of the object

The document was recorded on 25 July 1989 in Vilnius, Lithuania. On 13 September 2007, consistent with the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Documents and Archives (Žin. 2004, Nrs 57-1982), The Lithuanian Central State Archive took over the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis Seimas Council's audio documents and documents of meetings, sessions, conferences, from the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis Assistant Executive Secretary Mrs Ona Volungevičiūtė. The document is preserved in a specific building, constructed in 1975, and renovated according to modern standards in 2007. The building is on the outskirts of the city.

 

1.15. Degree of Preservation

The document tape quality is good. The sound quality of the document is also good. The document is preserved in a storage room on specific wooden shelves. The microclimate and functioning of all the appliances is regulated and controlled automatically. This provides favourable conditions for the long-term preservation of the document as required by the recommendations of the International Standard Organization. There are also automatic fire detection and extinguishing systems.

 

2. Audio document. Meeting of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas Council, 15 August 1989, Vilnius, Lithuania.

 

2.1. Institution

Lithuanian Central State Archive

 

2.2. Address

O.Milašiaus g. 21, LT-10102 Vilnius, Lithuania

 

2.3. Inventory number of the object

Temporary numbers - Mg 110 and Mg 111 (document under inventory).

 

2.4. Type

Audio document

 

2.5. Name/Title

Meeting of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas Council, 15 August 1989, Vilnius, Lithuania

 

2.6. Compiler (Creator) of the document

Representatives of the Seimas Council of the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis

 

2.7. Place of compilation (creation)

Vilnius, Lithuania

 

2.8. Date of compilation (creation)

15 August 1989

 

2.9. Language

Lithuanian

 

2.10. Material

2 magnetic tapes

 

2.11. Duration

126 min.

 

2.12. Description of the object

The document consists of 2 magnetic tapes. (BASF LH-EI 90). Sound quality is good.

 

2.13. Description of the contents

The Chairman of the meeting Virgilijus Čepaitis briefly reviews the activities organized by the Sąjūdis on 23 August 1989. The main action will be the Baltic Way which is also organized in Latvia and Estonia. V.Čepaitis recalls the last meeting of the Baltic Council in Cēsis, Latvia with the participation of representatives from the Liberation Movements of each Baltic country where joint activities were coordinated.The speakers talk about the tasks to be carried out when organizing the Baltic Way action - precise distribution in kilometres of the distance to be covered by the participants of the Baltic Way action, about the participation of Sąjūdis Board members, the deputies from the districts of Lithuania; they talk about a radio programme dedicated to the specific occasion on 23 August 1989.

 

Then the decision of the Baltic Council is presented: one of the main activities on 23 August will be to organize meetings on the State borders, where the leaders of the Popular Front of Estonia, the Popular Front of Latvia and the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis will participate and speak. There will be also meetings on the road. The participants also discuss the possibility of organising a meeting in Vilnius, Lithuania, the issue of the expediency of the meeting and its venue, time and date.

 

2.14. History of the object

The document was recorded on 15 August 1989 in Vilnius, Lithuania. On 13 September 2007 consistent with the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Documents and Archives (Žin. 2004, Nrs 57-1982), the Lithuanian Central State Archive has taken over the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis Seimas Council's audio documents and documents of meetings, sessions, conferences, from the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis Assistant Executive Secretary Mrs Ona Volungevičiūtė. The document is preserved in a specific building, constructed in 1975, and renovated according to modern standards in 2007. The building is on the outskirts of the city.

 

2.15. Degree of Preservation

Quality of the document tape is good. The sound quality of the document is also good.. The document is preserved in storage room on specific wooden shelves. The microclimate and functioning of all the appliances is regulated and controlled automatically. This provides favourable conditions for the long-term preservation of the document as required by the recommendations of the International Standard Organization. There are also automatic fire detection and extinguishing systems.

 

3. Audio document. The first meeting of the sixth session of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas, 23 August 1989, Vilnius, Lithuania.

 

3.1. Institution

Lithuanian Central State Archive

 

3.2. Address

O.Milašiaus g. 21, LT-10102 Vilnius, Lithuania

 

3.3. Inventory number of the object

Temporary numbers - Mg 242 and Mg 243 (document under inventory).

 

3.4. Type

Audio document

 

3.5. Name/Title

The first meeting of the sixth session of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas, 23 August 1989, Vilnius, Lithuania

 

3.6. Compiler (creator) of the document

Representatives of the Seimas Council of the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sajūdis

 

3.7. Place of compilation (creation)

Vilnius Drama Theatre, Vilnius, Lithuania

 

3.8. Date of compilation (creation)

23 August 1989

 

3.9. Language

Lithuanian

 

3.10. Material

2 magnetic tapes

 

3.11. Duration

120 min. 42 sec.

 

3.12. Description of the object

The document consists of 2 magnetic tapes. (BASF LH-EI 90). Sound quality is good.

 

3.13. Description of the contents

The Chairman of the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis Seimas Council Vytautas Landsbergis opens the session; he reminds participants of the significance of the 23 August 1989, underlines the fact that Lithuania is on her way to eliminating the consequences of the illegal Molotov - Ribbentrop Pact and restoring the Independence of the State; the Baltic Way action taking place on that very day -23 August - proves the firm determination of the Baltic States to regain their independence.

 

The agenda is read. The main issue is announced - the Declaration of the Sąjūdis Seimas Council, its approval, distribution and promulgation.V.Landsbergis reads the first version of the Declaration, which is then distributed among the session delegates for discussions and editing. The majority approve the main idea of the Declaration - to restore the independence of Lithuania.Then follows a long discussion on the wording of the basic statements, in particular over the principal concept - Independent Republic of Lithuania or Independent Republic of Lithuania not incorporated in the USSR.

 

Some delegates express doubts whether it is wise to announce the Declaration on 23 August, as there may be a great danger of USSR military aggression if the Declaration is announced. However, the majority approve the date for the presentation of the Declaration to the entire world - 23 August; the appointed Editorial Commission takes responsibility for reviewing the text of the Declaration and returning the text to the Session delegates. Proposals for the title of the Declaration start to appear.The Editorial Commission, having finished editing, present the final version of the Declaration text which is read to everybody by Vytautas Landsbergis:

 

FINAL TEXT OF THE DECLARATION (original in Lithuanian)

 

The Declaration is adopted by the majority of participants of the session.

 

English version of the Declaration

 

1ST MEETING OF THE 6TH SESSION OF THE SĄJŪDIS SEIMAS

23 August 1989 Vilnius

 

To all nations, governments and people of good will

 

The 23 August 1989 Declaration

of the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis

on the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact

 

This year marks the fiftieth anniversary of the day the USSR and Germany signed the agreements and their secret protocols, which created spheres of influence in Europe and caused the beginning of World War II. Although many countries do not recognize the occupation and annexation of Lithuania and other Baltic states, the consequences of the agreements still determine the life of Lithuania and other countries, and they have not yet been eradicated. The Soviet seizure of Lithuania and other countries by military and political force, changed the character of the states, obliterating Lithuania, a member of the League of Nations, from the world political map, and brought the Lithuanian nation to the edge of destruction. However, Lithuania has never reconciled itself to its illegal status and it has never abandoned its goal to restore an independent state.

  

The Seimas of the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis which gathered in Vilnius on 23 August 1989 declares:

 

1. The secret agreements of Germany and the USSR of 23 August 1939, the 23 September 1939 and the 10 January 1941 and the documents giving evidence that they existed, are a fact. This has been confirmed by the development of political events and historical analysis.

 

2. The ultimatum of the 14 June 1940 presented by the USSR to the Lithuanian government and the entry of an unlimited contingent of troops into the Republic of Lithuania was an act of aggression against a sovereign state. It created the preconditions for replacing the Lithuanian government, organizing elections and forming the so-called Lithuanian People's Parliament (Seimas), which, in conditions of political dictate and terror, was forced to accept the declaration concerning the incorporation of Lithuania into the USSR. The 1940 elections to the People's Parliament (Seimas) were illegal; the decisions adopted by the Seimas concerning the introduction of Stalinist Soviet rule into Lithuania and the state's request to be incorporated into the USSR - never had and have no legal basis.

 

3. The legal evaluation of the treaties by the Commission of the Congress of People's Deputies of the USSR still has not been published, while the political evaluation has only been casually mentioned as if it were an issue to be dealt with in the future. Up till the present time neither the USSR nor Germany have condemned or taken concrete steps to annul the consequences of this plot and aggression. The Seimas of the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis believe that the nations and states of the free world will not reconcile themselves to the criminal transgression against Lithuanian sovereignty by the USSR-German agreements. The Lithuanian nation calls for the restoration, by united and peaceful means, of a democratic and independent Republic of Lithuania, which is not subject to the administration and jurisdiction of the USSR. Lithuania's relations with the USSR should be based on the Peace Treaty of the 12 July 1920.

 

4. The present status of Lithuania in the world community and in the Soviet Union is a serious international problem. The day is nearing when the Soviet government will be forced to recognize the occupation of Lithuania and the necessity to abolish that status. The presence of the occupation army in Lithuania restricts the people's wish to freely choose their social and political future. Over 1,400 000 Lithuanian residents have signed a petition against the presence of Soviet troops in Lithuania.

 

Chairmen of the 1st meeting                                                       Saulius Šaltenis

 

of the 6th Sąjūdis Seimas session                                              Gytis Lukšas

 

 

Lithuanian version of the Declaration:

 

LIETUVOS PERSITVARKYMO SĄJŪDŽIO SEIMO VI SESIJOS PIRMASIS POSĖDIS

 

Vilnius, 1989 m. rugpjūčio 23 d.

 

Pasaulio tautoms, valstybių vyriausybėms ir visiems geros valios žmonėms

 

Lietuvos Persitvarkymo Sąjūdžio Seimo 1989 m. rugpjūčio 23 d. pareiškimas

 

Šiemet sukanka 50 metų, kai buvo pasirašytos TSRS-Vokietijos sutartys su slaptaisiais protokolais dėl įtakos sferų pasidalinimo Europoje, nulėmusios Antrojo pasaulinio karo pradžią. Nors daugelis šalių nepripažįsta Lietuvos ir kitų Baltijos valstybių okupacijos ir aneksijos, tačiau to sandėrio padariniai iki šiol nepanaikinti ir lemia Lietuvos bei kitų tautų gyvenimą. Tarybų Sąjungos įvykdytas Lietuvos ir kitų šalių užgrobimas karinės ir politinės prievartos būdu leido padaryti tokius jų valstybinio gyveninio pakeitimus, kurie išbraukė Lietuvą, Tautų Sąjungos narę, iš pasaulio politinio žemėlapio, o tautą atvedė prie žūties ribos. Tačiau Lietuva niekad nesusitaikė su savo beteise padėtimi ir neatsisakė siekio atkurti nepriklausomą valstybę.

 

1989 m. rugpjūčio 23 d. Vilniuje susirinkęs Lietuvos Persitvarkymo Sąjūdžio Seimas pareiškia:

 

1. TSRS ir Vokietijos slapti 1939 m. rugpjūčio 23 d., 1939 m. rugsėjo 28 d. ir 1941 m. sausio 10 d. susitarimai ir juos liudijantys dokumentai tikrai buvo. Tai patvirtina politinių įvykių raida bei istorinių šaltinių analizė.

 

2. 1940 m. birželio 14 d. TSRS vyriausybės ultimatumas Lietuvos Respublikos vyriausybei ir neriboto karinio kontingento įvedimas į Lietuvos Respubliką buvo agresijos aktas prieš suverenią valstybę, sudarė prielaidas pakeisti Lietuvos vyriausybę, organizuoti rinkimus į vadinamąjį Lietuvos Liaudies Seimą, kuris politinio diktato ir teroro sąlygomis priėmė deklaraciją dėl Lietuvos įjungimo į TSRS sudėtį, 1940 m. rinkimai į tą Liaudies Seimą buvo neteisėti, o Seimo priimti nutarimai apie stalinistinės tarybų valdžios įvediną Lietuvoje bei prašymas priimti į TSRS sudėtį - neturėjo ir neturi juridinės galios.

 

3. TSRS liaudies deputatų suvažiavimo komisijos parengtas teisinis sutarčių vertinimas tebėra nepaskelbtas, o apie politinį tik užsiminta, kaip apie ateities darbą. Nei TSRS, nei Vokietijos valstybės ligi šiol nepasmerkė ir nesiėmė konkrečių veiksmų suokalbio ir agresijos padariniams panaikinti. LPS Seimas tikisi, kad laisvosios pasaulio tautos ir valstybės nesitaikstys su nusikalstamomis TSRS-Vokietijos suokalbio pasekmėmis Lietuvos suverenitetui, o Lietuvos tautą kviečia vieningai taikiu būdu atkurti nepriklausomą demokratiną Lietuvos Respubliką, nepavaldžią TSRS administracinei sistemai ir jurisdikcijai. Lietuvos santykiai su TSR Sąjunga turi būti grindžiami 1920 m. liepos 12 d. Taikos sutarties esminiais teiginiais.

 

4. Šiandieninis Lietuvos statusas pasaulio bendrijoje ir Tarybų Sąjungoje yra rimta tarptautinė problema. Artėja diena, kai TSRS vyriausybė turės pripažinti okupacinį Lietuvos statusą ir jo panaikinimo būtinybę. Šiuo metu okupacinės armijos buvimas Lietuvoje apriboja žmonių galimybę laisvai apsispręsti, kokią socialinę ir politinę ateitį jie norės pasirinkti. Prieš tokį šios armijos buvimą jau pasisakė per 1400000 Lietuvos žmonių savo parašais.

 

VI LPS Seimo sesijos I posėdžio pirmininkai                           G. Lukšas

 

Vilnius, 1989 m. rugpjūčio 23 d.                                              S.Šaltenis

 

 

3.14. History of the object

The document was recorded on 23 August 1989 in Vilnius, Lithuania. On 13 September 2007 consistent with the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Documents and Archives (Žin. 2004, Nrs 57-1982), the Lithuanian Central State Archive took over the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis Seimas Council's audio documents and documents of meetings, sessions, conferences from the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis Assistant Executive Secretary Mrs Ona Volungevičiūtė.

 

The document is preserved in a specific building, constructed in 1975, and renovated according to modern standards in 2007. The building is on the outskirts of the city.

 

3.15. Degree of Preservation

Quality of the document tape is good. The sound quality of the document is also good. The document is preserved in a storage room on specific wooden shelves. The microclimate and functioning of all the appliances is regulated and controlled automatically. This provides favourable conditions for the long-term preservation of the document as required by the recommendations of the International Standard Organization. There are also automatic fire detection and extinguishing systems.

 

Audio documents: 

 

Meeting of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas Council, 25 July 1989, Vilnius, Lithuania

103_890725_1M

104_890725_1M

 

Meeting of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas Council, 15 August 1989, Vilnius, Lithuania

110_890815_1M

111_890815_2M

 

The first meeting of the sixth session of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas, 23 August 1989, Vilnius, Lithuania

242_890823_1M

243_890823_2M

The sounds and dialogues one may hear after the recording of the first meeting of the sixth session of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas, 23 August 1989, Vilnius, Lithuania, prove that due to the lack of cassettes recordings were performed on the same used cassette several times.