ENEELVLT
     
 

ANNEX - DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF DOCUMENTS

 

ESTONIA

1. Film document. Newsreel "Eesti Kroonika" (Estonian Chronicle) No. 18, 1989 - "The Baltic Way"

1.1. Institution

The National Archives of Estonia

1.2. Address

J. Liivi 4, 50409 Tartu, Estonia

1.3. Inventory number of the object

EFA-203-3436

1.4. Type

Black and white sound film document. Master negative. Newsreel.

1.5. Name/Title

Newsreel "Eesti Kroonika" No.18, 1989 - "The Baltic Way"

1.6. Compiler (creator)

Director A. Vill

1.7. Place of compilation (creation)

Estonia

1.8. Date of compilation (creation)

1989

1.9. Language

Estonian

1.10. Material

Silver gelatine on triacetate base film.

1.11. Duration

285 meters (10 minutes)

1.12. Description of the object

285 meters (10 minutes) - original picture negative, sound negative, double positive, positive - 4 cans-full set.

1.13. Description of the contents

The newsreel shows the proceedings of the event "The Baltic Way" on 23 August 1989. Original shots of the event, shots from the air, the main speeches, people standing hand in hand in the human chain.

1.14. History of the object

The newsreel was made by film company Tallinnfilm founded in 1947. The company was the largest Estonian film company during the Soviet time, official chronicle producer. The newsreels were shown before feature films. Tallinnfilm has been the source of collection of Estonian Film Archives since 1955 and when Tallinnfilm stopped the production in 1998, the original and authentic film stock was deposited in Estonian Film Archives, which is an integral part of the National Archives of Estonia. According to the copyright law Tallinnfilm owns the rights for the distribution and copying.

1.15. Degree of preservation

The quality of the newsreel is good. There are no defects. The series of newsreels were described and arranged by archive experts during 1999-2001. The storage conditions are stable; the storage has special climate equipment.

The user copies on VHS and DVD are available for the public.

The National Archives shall be guided, in the keeping of archival records, by the requirements of the archival regulations, the recommendations of the standard EVS-ISO 11799:2005 Information and documentation - Requirements for keeping archival and library materials, and by other international material specific standards (e.g. specialized archival records). In addition, documents such as the preservation policy of the National Archives, the preservation strategy of the National Archives, Risk analysis report and Disasterplan prescribe the principles of National Archives which ensure the durability and the use of the public documents in the present and the future.

2. Photo documents. The Baltic Way on 23 August 1989

2.1. Institution

The National Archives of Estonia

2.2. Address

J. Liivi 4, 50409 Tartu, Estonia

2.3. Inventory number of the object

EFA-204-0-139849

EFA-204-0-139850

2.4. Type

Black and white photo document. Master negative.

2.5. Name/Title

Baltic Way on 23 August 1989 in Tallinn, Estonia

2.6. Photographer

Harald Leppikson

2.7. Location

Tallinn, Estonia

2.8. Date of photography

23 August 1989

2.9. Language

Not applicable

2.10. Material

Silver gelatine on triacate base film.

2.11. Size

35 mm

2.12. Description of the object

Photo documents consist of black and white master negatives.

2.13. Description of the contents

The photo documents show the proceedings of the event "The Baltic Way" in Tallinn, on 23 August, 1989.

2.14. History of the object

The photos were made on 23 August 1989, in Tallinn, Estonia. They belonged to the photo archive of the Estonian News Agency (ETA) - the only republican news agency during the Soviet time. According to the law the Estonian Film Archives collected the original negatives since 1956. In 1998 ETA was liquidated and its photo archive was sold to the Estonian Film Archives which is an integral part of the National Archives of Estonia, the owner and the copyright holder of these photo documents.

2.15. Degree of preservation

The quality of the negatives is good. There are no defects. The items were cleaned and packed according to archival rules in 1998, the user copies (positives) were made available for the public in 2001. The expert assessment, arrangement and description of the photo archive were finished in 2003 by archivists of the Estonian Film Archives (expertise and arrangement system documented).The storage conditions are stable, the relative humidity and temperature are measured weekly.

3. Photo documents. The Baltic Way on 23 August 1989

3.1. Institution

The National Archives of Estonia

3.2. Address

J. Liivi 4, 50409 Tartu, Estonia

3.3. Inventory number of the object

EFA-204-0-138821

EFA-204-0-138822

EFA-204-0-138823

3.4. Type

Black and white photo document. Master negative.

3.5. Name/Title

Baltic Way on 23 August 1989 in Tallinn, Estonia

3.6. Photographer

Verner Puhm

3.7. Location

Tallinn, Estonia

3.8. Date of photography

23 August 1989

3.9. Language

Not applicable

3.10. Material

Silver gelatine on triacetate base film.

3.11. Size

35 mm

3.12. Description of the object

Photo documents consist of black and white master negatives.

3.13. Description of the contents

The photo documents show the proceedings of the event "The Baltic Way" in Tallinn, on 23 August 1989.

3.14. History of the object

The photos were made on 23 August 1989, in Tallinn, Estonia. They belonged to the photo archive of the Estonian News Agency (ETA) - the only republican news agency during the Soviet time. The photos made by ETA photographers were published all over the republic. According to the law the Estonian Film Archives collected the original negatives since 1956. In 1998 ETA was liquidated and its photo archive was sold to the Estonian Film Archives which is an integral part of the National Archives of Estonia, the owner and the copyright holder of these photo documents.

3.15. Degree of preservation

The quality of the negatives is moderately good. There are no defects on EFA-204-0-1388221, but there are some scratches on emulsion on EFA-204-0-1388222 and EFA-204-0-1388223. The items were cleaned and packed according to archival rules in 1998, the user copies (positives) were made available for the public in 2001. The expert assessment, arrangement and description of the photo archive were finished in 2003 by archivists of Estonian Film Archives (expertise and arrangement system documented). The storage conditions are stable, the relative humidity and temperature are measured weekly.

4. Photo documents. The Baltic Way on 23 August 1989

4.1. Institution

The National Archives of Estonia

4.2. Address

J. Liivi 4, 50409 Tartu, Estonia

4.3. Inventory number of the object

EFA-204-0-185914

4.4. Type

Black and white photo document. Master negative.

4.5. Name/Title

Baltic Way on 23 August 1989 in Jõgevamaa, Estonia

4.6. Photographer

Ardi Kivimets

4.7. Location

Jõgevamaa, Estonia

4.8. Date of photography

23 August 1989

4.9. Language

Not applicable

4.10. Material

Silver gelatine on triacetate base film.

4.11. Size

35 mm

4.12. Description of the object

Photo document consists of a black and white master negative.

4.13. Description of the contents

The photo document shows the proceedings of the event "The Baltic Way" in Jõgevamaa area on 23 August 1989.

4.14. History of the object

The photo was made on 23 August 1989 in Jõgevamaa, Estonia. It belonged to the photo archive of the Estonian News Agency (ETA) - the only republican news agency during the Soviet time. According to the law the Estonian Film Archives collected the original negatives since 1956. In 1998 ETA was liquidated and its photo archive was sold to the Estonian Film Archives which is an integral part of the National Archives of Estonia, the owner and the copyright holder of these photo documents.

4.15. Degree of preservation

The quality of the negative is good. There are no defects. The item was cleaned and packed according to archival rules in 1998, the user copy (positive) was made available for public in 2001. The expert assessment, arrangement and description of the photo archive were finished in 2003 by archivists of the Estonian Film Archives (expertise and arrangement system documented).The storage conditions are stable, the relative humidity and temperature are measured weekly.

 

LATVIA

1. Written document. The Baltic Council Pärnu Communiqué, 15 July 1989, Pärnu, Estonia

1.1. Institution

Museum of the Popular Front of Latvia

1.2. Address

Vecpilsētas 13/15, LV-1050 Riga, Latvia

1.3. Inventory number of the object

tfm 3806

1.4. Type

Written document

1.5. Name/ Title

The Baltic Council Pärnu Communiqué

1.6. Compiler of the document

Representatives of the Popular Front of Latvia, the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis and the Popular Front of Estonia Rahvarinne

1.7. Place of compilation

Pärnu, Estonia

1.8. Date of compilation

15 July 1989

1.9. Language

Russian

1.10. Material

Paper, typewriting, ink

1.11. Size

29.6x20.8 cm

1.12. Description of the object

The document consists of 3 pages. The document is made of paper; the paper has turned yellow, signatures - in blue ball-point pen.

1.13. Description of the contents

The content of the document deals with the fact that the first meeting of the trilateral commission of the Popular Front of Estonia Rahvarinne, the Popular Front of Latvia and the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis - the Baltic Council was held. During the Baltic Council meeting decisions were discussed and adopted on promoting democracy, on the events of 23 August 1989 - the 50th anniversary of the pact between the U.S.S.R. and Germany, on the subunits of the Soviet Army in the territory of the Baltic republics.

The members of the Baltic Council consider it necessary to put the question to the Supreme Councils of Estonia, Latvia and Estonia regarding the necessity of establishing inter-republican commission at the Supreme Soviets of the three republics with the participation of popular fronts and other democratic organisations with the aim of developing a plan on serving in the Soviet Army and the renewal of national-territorial unions; it calls for establishing public committees that would assist women's and other democratic organisations in their activities to democratise the army; offers to the Popular Front of Estonia Rahvarinne, the Popular Front of Latvia and the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis to organise the meeting on 23 August 1989 - on the day when the Soviet-German pact was concluded; allows for the implementation on 23 August 1989 in the territory of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuanian the human chain entitled "The Baltic Way".

1.14. History of the object

The document was compiled on 15 July 1989 in Pärnu, Estonia. The document was placed in the museum in connection with the establishment of the Museum of the Popular Front of Latvia on 23 August 1999. In accordance with the 1999 Law of the Republic of Latvia "On Transferring the Real Estate to the Public Council of the Museum of the Popular Front" the museum is located in the former building of the Latvian Popular Front at Vecpilsētas 13/15, Riga, Latvia, and the museum took possession of the documents that had remained in the building of the Popular Front of Latvia.

1.15. Degree of Preservation

The paper used for the document has turned yellow; because of the poor quality of the paper (contains lignin) an acid environment has developed. A perforator punched holes in the left margin of the document.

2. Written document. The Baltic Council Cēsis Communiqué, 12 August 1989, Cēsis, Latvia

2.1. Institution

Museum of the Popular Front of Latvia

2.2. Address

Vecpilsētas 13/15, LV-1050 Riga, Latvia

2.3. Inventory number of the object

tfm 3807

2.4. Type

Written document

2.5. Name/Title

The Baltic Council Cēsis Communiqué

2.6. Compiler of the document

Representatives of the Popular Front of Latvia, the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis and the Popular Front of Estonia Rahvarinne

2.7. Place of compilation

Cēsis, Latvia

2.8. Date of compilation

12 August 1989

2.9. Language

Russian

2.10. Material

Paper, typewriting, ink

2.11. Size

29.6x20.8 cm

2.12. Description of the object

The document consists of 3 pages. The document is made of paper; the paper has turned yellow, signatures - in blue ball-point pen.

2.13. Description of the contents

The content of the document deals with the fact that during the meeting of the Baltic Council there was a discussion about the political situation in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania as well as the strategy and tactics of the Popular Front of Estonia and the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis for the elections of the institutions of state power.

The Baltic Council condemns the criminal activities of the Estonian Inter-movement; expresses its concern regarding the indecisive decision taken by the Congress of People's Deputies of the U.S.S.R. regarding the political and legal assessment of the U.S.S.R. -Germany mutual non-aggression pact of 1939.

2.14. History of the object

The document was compiled on 12 August 1989 in Cēsis, Latvia. The document was placed in the museum in connection with the establishment of the Museum of Popular Front on 23 August 1999. In accordance with the 1999 Law of the Republic of Latvia "On Transferring the Real Estate to the Public Council of the Museum of the Popular Front" the museum is located in the former building of the Latvian Popular Front at Vecpilsētas 13/15, Riga, Latvia, and the museum took possession of the documents that had remained in the building of the Popular Front of Latvia.

2.15. Degree of preservation

The paper used for the document has turned yellow; because of the poor quality of the paper (contains lignin) an acid environment has developed. A perforator punched holes in the left margin of the document.

3. Written document. Fax print-out "The Baltic Way", 17 August 1989

3.1. Institution

Museum of the Popular Front of Latvia

3.2. Address

Vecpilsētas 13/15, LV-1050 Riga, Latvia

3.3. Inventory number of the object

tfm 3808

3.4. Type

Written document / Fax print-out / the original of the document has not been identified in national archive institutions of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania

3.5. Name/Title

The fax of the Popular Front of Estonia Rahvarinne „The Baltic Way"

3.6. Compiler of the manuscript

Popular Front of Estonia Rahvarinne

3.7. Place of compilation

Riga, Latvia / place of the receipt of the Fax print-out

3.8. Date of compilation

17 August 1989, received at 23:02 - 23:04

3.9. Language

English

3.10. Material

Paper

3.11. Size

The 1st page - 29.7x21.1 cm, the 2nd page - 28.7x20.1 cm

3.12. Description of the object

The document consists of 2 pages. The paper of the document has turned yellow. The text is typed, addressees written by hand with ball-point pen.

3.13. Description of the contents

The fax deals with the condemnation of the Hitler-Stalin pact and its secret protocol, the crimes committed by the Soviet Union against the Baltic States and voices an appeal to review these injustices committed against these nations for 50 years. The Baltic States have found a solution to this situation - and it is the Baltic Way.

3.14. History of the object

The fax was compiled/ sent on 17 August 1989 in Tallinn, Estonia at 23:02. The fax was placed in the museum in connection with the establishment of the Museum of the Popular Front on 23 August 1999. In accordance with the 1999 Law of the Republic of Latvia "On Transferring the Real Estate to the Public Council of the Museum of the Popular Front" the museum is located in the former building of the Latvian Popular Front at Vecpilsētas 13/15, Riga, Latvia and the museum took possession of the documents that had remained in the building of the Popular Front of Latvia.

3.15. Degree of preservation

The paper of the fax has turned yellow. The fax print-out is made on a specific paper, the quality of which is not suitable for long-term preservation. A perforator punched holes in the left margin of the document. There are folds on the margins of the sheets.

4. Written document. Address to Alfrēds Čepānis, Deputy-Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Latvian S.S.R., No.02-679, 8 August 1989, Riga, Latvia

4.1. Institution

Museum of the Popular Front of Latvia

4.2. Address

Vecpilsētas 13/15, LV-1050 Riga, Latvia

4.3. Inventory number of the object

tfm 3809

4.4. Type

Written document

4.5. Name/Title

Address No.02-679 to Alfrēds Čepānis, Deputy-Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Latvian S.S.R. on organising the Baltic Way

4.6. Compiler of the document

Sandra Kalniete, the secretary in charge of the Council of the Popular Front of Latvia

4.7. Place of compilation

Popular Front of Latvia, 13/15 Vecpilsētas, Riga, Latvia

4.8. Date of compilation

8 August 1989, No. 02-679

4.9. Language

Latvian

4.10. Material

Paper, typewriting, ink.

4.11. Size

29.6x21.1 cm

4.12. Description of the object

The document consists of 1 page. The document is compiled on paper, the paper has turned yellow. The text is typed, the time of compilation, the number of application - in blue ball-point pen.

4.13. Description of the contents

The document deals with the fact that on 23 August 1989, to express protest against Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, the Baltic council of the national movements of the Baltic States will organise a mass demonstration - a human chain in all three Baltic States.

The document indicates the route of the chain through the territories of Estonian S.S.R., Latvian S.S.R. and Lithuanian S.S.R. The address contains a request to stop traffic on the route indicated for Riga during the specified time period. The persons responsible for the event and their personal data are indicated in the address.

4.14. History of the object

The document was compiled on 8 August 1989, at Vecpilsētas 13/15, Riga, Latvia. The document was compiled by Sandra Kalniete, the secretary in charge of the Council of the Popular Front of Latvia. The document was placed in the museum in connection with the establishment of the Museum of the Popular Front on 23 August 1999. In accordance with the 1999 Law of the Republic of Latvia "On Transferring the Real Estate to the Public Council of the Museum of the Popular Front" the museum is located in the former building of the Popular Front of Latvia at Vecpilsētas 13/15, Riga, Latvia and the museum took possession of the documents that had remained in the building of the Popular Front of Latvia.

4.15. Degree of preservation

The paper used for the document has turned yellow; because of the poor quality of the paper (contains lignin) an acid environment has developed. A perforator punched holes in the left margin of the document.

5. Written document. Address to Imants Rākins, the Deputy-Head of State Radio Broadcasting and Television Committee of the Latvian S.S.R., No.02-680, 8 August 1989, Riga, Latvia

5.1. Institution

Museum of the Popular Front of Latvia

5.2. Address

Vecpilsētas 13/15, LV-1050 Riga, Latvia

5.3. Inventory number of the object

tfm 3810

5.4. Type

Written document

5.5. Name/Title

Address No.02-680 to Imants Rākins, the Deputy-Head of State Radio Broadcasting and Television Committee of the Latvian S.S.R. on organising the event "Baltic Way

5.6. Compiler of the document

Sandra Kalniete, the secretary in charge of the Council of the Popular Front of Latvia

5.7. Place of compilation

Popular Front of Latvia, Vecpilsētas 13/15, LV-1050 Riga, Latvia

5.8. Date of compilation

8 August 1989, number 02-680

5.9. Language

Latvian

5.10. Material

Paper, typewriting, ink

5.11. Size

29.5x21.1 cm

5.12. Description of the object

The document consists of 1 page. The document is compiled on paper, the paper has turned yellow. The text is typed, the signature, the time of compilation, the number of application - in blue ball-point pen.

5.13. Description of the contents

The document deals with the fact that on 23 August 1989, to express protest against Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, the council of the movements of the Baltic States will organise a mass demonstration - a human chain in all three Baltic States.

The address contains a request to schedule a program that would include the speech of the chairman of the Popular Front of Latvia, the welcoming addresses of the leaders of the Popular Front of Estonia and the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis.

5.14. History of the object

The document was compiled on 8 August 1989. The document was placed in the museum in connection with the establishment of the Museum of the Popular Front on 23 August 1999. In accordance with the 1999 Law of the Republic of Latvia "On Transferring the Real Estate to the Public Council of the Museum of the Popular Front" the museum is located in the former building of the Popular Front of Latvia at Vecpilsētas 13/15, Riga, Latvia, and the museum took possession of the documents that had remained in the building of the Popular Front of Latvia.

5.15. Degree of preservation

The paper used for the document has turned yellow; because of the poor quality of the paper (contains lignin) an acid environment has developed. A perforator punched holes in the left margin of the document.

6. Written document. Announcement to the newspaper„Rīgas Viļņi", No. 02-700, 16 August 1989, Riga, Latvia

6.1. Institution

Museum of the Popular Front of Latvia

6.2. Address

Vecpilsētas 13/15, LV-1050 Riga, Latvia

6.3. Inventory number of the object

tfm 3811

6.4. Type

Written document

6.5. Name/Title

Announcement No.02-700 to the newspaper „Rīgas Viļņi" on the event "The Baltic Way"

6.6. Compiler of the document

Sandra Kalniete, the secretary in charge of the Council of the Popular Front of Latvia

6.7. Place of compilation

Popular Front of Latvia, Vecpilsētas 13/15, LV-1050 Riga, Latvia

6.8. Date of compilation

16 August 1989

6.9. Language

Latvian

6.10. Material

Paper, typewriting, ink

6.11. Size

29.3x20.8 cm

6.12. Description of the object

The document consists of 1 page. The document is compiled on paper, the paper has turned yellow. The text is typed, the signature, the time of compilation, the number of application - in blue ball-point pen.

6.13. Description of the contents

The document deals with the fact hat the council of the movements of the Baltic States invites all people to form a human chain through the three Baltic States - the Baltic Way - following a specific route in a specific period of time.

6.14. History of the object

The document was compiled on 16 August 1989, at Vecpilsētas 13/15, Riga, Latvia, it was compiled by Sandra Kalniete, the secretary in charge of the Council of the Popular Front of Latvia. The document was placed in the museum in connection with the establishment of the Museum of the Popular Front on 23 August 1999. In accordance with the 1999 Law of the Republic of Latvia "On Transferring the Real Estate to the Public Council of the Museum of the Popular Front" the museum is located in the former building of the Popular Front of Latvia at Vecpilsētas 13/15, Riga, Latvia and the museum took possession of the documents that had remained in the building of the Popular Front of Latvia.

6.15. Degree of preservation

The paper used for the document has turned yellow; because of the poor quality of the paper (contains lignin) an acid environment has developed. A perforator punched holes in the left margin of the document.

7. Photo film document. The Baltic Way on 23 August 1989

7.1. Institution

Museum of the Popular Front of Latvia

7.2. Address

Vecpilsētas 13/15, LV-1050 Riga, Latvia

7.3. Inventory number of the object

tfm 3335

7.4. Type

Black and white photo film document. Master negative.

7.5. Name/Title

Photo film. The Baltic Way on 23 August 1989 in Riga, Latvia

7.6. Photographer

Ēvalds Cimbulis

7.7. Location

Riga, Latvia

7.8. Date of photography

23 August 1989

7.9. Language

-

7.10. Material

Black-and-white film, master negative, polyester negative photograph

7.11. Size

35 mm

7.12. Description of the object

The photo film consists of 34 frames. Photo film - black and white.

7.13. Description of the contents

The photo film shows the proceeding of the event "The Baltic Way" in Riga, Latvia on 23 August 1989, which was photographed by Ēvalds Cimbulis.

7.14. History of the object

The photo film was made on 23 August 1989, in Riga, Latvia. It came into the collection of the Museum of the Popular Front in August 2003, when Ēvalds Cinis handed it over to the museum.

7.15. Degree of preservation

The quality of the photo film is poor. The optical density of the photographic image was identified in several sites as 2.45 - 2.76 (standard 0.9 - 1.2); obscurity in the sites of the film negative not spoiled by inadvertent exposure (transparency): the margins of the frame 0.59 - 0.74, inter-frame lines 0.44 - 0.48 (standard 0.1).

8. Cardboard placard "The Baltic Way", 1989

8.1. Institution

Museum of the Popular Front of Latvia

8.2. Address

Vecpilsētas 13/15, LV-1050 Riga, Latvia

8.3. Inventory number of the object

tfm 2915

8.4. Type

Written document

8.5. Name/Title

Cardboard placard "The Baltic Way"

8.6. Compiler of the printed material

-

8.7. Place of compilation

-

8.8. Date of compilation

1989

8.9. Language

Latvian

8.10. Material

Cardboard

8.11. Size

15.4x24.2 cm

8.12. Description of the object

The text is written on a cardboard in dark red letters against a white background.

8.13. Description of the contents

The cardboard placard deals with the "The Baltic Way" of 1989. It is supported by the members of the Popular Front division from the town of Ogre, Latvia.

8.14. History of the object

The cardboard placard was compiled in 1989. During "The Baltic Way" event it was attached to a bus. It entered the collection of the Museum of the Popular Front on 10 July 1999, when Visvaldis Kurmis, the former member of the Popular Front division of Ogre handed it over to the museum.

8.15. Degree of preservation

The cardboard used for the printed material is technically damaged - there are folds, the surface of the right side has been torn off, there are glue stains on the reverse side. The surface is dirty, dusty, stained.

 

LITHUANIA

1. Audio document. Meeting of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas Council, 25 July 1989, Vilnius.

1.1. Institution

Lithuanian Central State Archive

1.2. Address

O.Milašiaus g. 21, LT-10102 Vilnius, Lithuania

1.3. Inventory number of the object

Temporary numbers Nr. Mg 103, Mg 104 (document under inventory).

1.4. Type

Audio document.

1.5. Name/ Title

Meeting of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas Council, 25 July 1989, Vilnius.

1.6. Compiler (Creator) of the document

Representatives of the Seimas Council of the Lithuanian Reform movement Sajūdis.

1.7. Place of compilation (Creation)

Vilnius, Lithuania

1.8. Date of compilation (Creation)

25 July 1989

1.9. Language

Lithuanian

1.10. Material

2 magnetic tapes.

1.11. Duration

185 min.

1.12. Description of the object

The document consists of 2 magnetic tapes. (BASF LH-EI 90). Sound quality is normal.

1.13. Description of the contents

The activities and plans of the Sąjūdis related to 23 August 1989 are discussed at the meeting of the Sąjūdis Seimas Council. Great attention is devoted to the final results of the work of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact Commission within the Supreme Council, there are discussions about Lithuania's participation in the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact Commission set up at the Supreme Council of the USSR in Moscow for the evaluation of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact; speakers share their opinion about the work at the Baltic Council, which is also preparing the evaluation of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact - the results of the evaluation are to be announced on 23 August 1989 during the Sąjūdis Seimas session.

The participants are introduced to the Baltic Way event to be arranged on 23 August 1989. The rally will stretch from the borders of Finland to Poland's border; people would join hands on the N-14 motorway and assemble in meetings in all three Baltic States. Bearing in mind the Baltic Way event, it is suggested that the Session of the Sąjūdis Seimas on 23 August 1989 be shortened in order to leave the afternoon and evening of 23 August 1989 free for mass activities - participation in the Baltic Way and the mass meetings.

The delegates of the Sąjūdis Seimas Session agree upon the proposal and a proposal is brought up to work short hours or to work on a weekend instead, thus providing the possibility for people to participate and join in the action.

Doubts are also raised concerning the Session on 23 August 1989 because members of the Sąjūdis Seimas will have to take part in local meetings, and in practice this will be difficult to arrange if the delegates are engaged in the Sąjūdis Session.

On behalf of Vilnius Sąjūdis Board, it is suggested that the 23 August be proclaimed the Day of Mourning and Hope; a proposal is put forward to organize a meeting in Vilnius and to come together in the evening for the Commemoration Meeting to be held on the Cathedral Square.

Some members of the Seimas approve the proposal to gather for the Session because the Sąjūdis Seimas is the institution, the supreme forum, to represent Lithuania, and the Baltic Way should symbolize the common fate of the three Baltic States and their first joint effort to change that fate.

Attention is given to the fact that activities are expected to be a mass event, which raises some questioning about how complicated it could be to organize the activities in all places at the same time. The delegates speak about the difficulties in organizing the Baltic Way that might be expected, and some doubts are shared concerning the great enthusiasm of the people. An idea is put forward to invite other Lithuanian organizations, regional Sąjūdis movement representatives, to join the action and ask them to assist Sąjūdis in organizing the Baltic Way and in the discussions on the issue.

Then the task force which will prepare the scenario of the Baltic Way is introduced (the names are read aloud). Virgilijus Čepaitis is appointed to head this task force. Others are kindly invited to join the task force on a voluntary basis.

Some suggestions reflect an opinion that the Baltic Way should not be such a mass event, which would make it easier to control, having in mind that the previous actions „Embrace the Baltic Sea" and "Embracement of Ignalina" turned out to be a failure because of the small number of participants. Some members expressed their doubts concerning the logistics and further transporting of people to the planned evening meetings.

Then a suggestion is put forward to invite the Sąjūdis Seimas members Zigmas Vaišvila, Kazys Saja and Arūnas Grumadas to join the task force as they already have some practice in organizing mass events. It is also suggested to invite into the process of organizing the Baltic Way representatives of those districts of Lithuania through which the Baltic Way will run.

1.14. History of the object

The document was recorded on 25 July 1989 in Vilnius, Lithuania. On 13 September 2007, consistent with the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Documents and Archives (Žin. 2004, Nrs 57-1982), The Lithuanian Central State Archive took over the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis Seimas Council's audio documents and documents of meetings, sessions, conferences, from the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis Assistant Executive Secretary Mrs Ona Volungevičiūtė. The document is preserved in a specific building, constructed in 1975, and renovated according to modern standards in 2007. The building is on the outskirts of the city.

1.15. Degree of Preservation

The document tape quality is good. The sound quality of the document is also good. The document is preserved in a storage room on specific wooden shelves. The microclimate and functioning of all the appliances is regulated and controlled automatically. This provides favourable conditions for the long-term preservation of the document as required by the recommendations of the International Standard Organization. There are also automatic fire detection and extinguishing systems.

2. Audio document. Meeting of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas Council, 15 August 1989, Vilnius, Lithuania.

2.1. Institution

Lithuanian Central State Archive

2.2. Address

O.Milašiaus g. 21, LT-10102 Vilnius, Lithuania

2.3. Inventory number of the object

Temporary numbers - Mg 110 and Mg 111 (document under inventory).

2.4. Type

Audio document

2.5. Name/Title

Meeting of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas Council, 15 August 1989, Vilnius, Lithuania

2.6. Compiler (Creator) of the document

Representatives of the Seimas Council of the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis

2.7. Place of compilation (creation)

Vilnius, Lithuania

2.8. Date of compilation (creation)

15 August 1989

2.9. Language

Lithuanian

2.10. Material

2 magnetic tapes

2.11. Duration

126 min.

2.12. Description of the object

The document consists of 2 magnetic tapes. (BASF LH-EI 90). Sound quality is good.

2.13. Description of the contents

The Chairman of the meeting Virgilijus Čepaitis briefly reviews the activities organized by the Sąjūdis on 23 August 1989. The main action will be the Baltic Way which is also organized in Latvia and Estonia. V.Čepaitis recalls the last meeting of the Baltic Council in Cēsis, Latvia with the participation of representatives from the Liberation Movements of each Baltic country where joint activities were coordinated.

The speakers talk about the tasks to be carried out when organizing the Baltic Way action - precise distribution in kilometres of the distance to be covered by the participants of the Baltic Way action, about the participation of Sąjūdis Board members, the deputies from the districts of Lithuania; they talk about a radio programme dedicated to the specific occasion on 23 August 1989.

Then the decision of the Baltic Council is presented: one of the main activities on 23 August will be to organize meetings on the State borders, where the leaders of the Popular Front of Estonia, the Popular Front of Latvia and the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis will participate and speak. There will be also meetings on the road. The participants also discuss the possibility of organising a meeting in Vilnius, Lithuania, the issue of the expediency of the meeting and its venue, time and date.

2.14. History of the object

The document was recorded on 15 August 1989 in Vilnius, Lithuania. On 13 September 2007 consistent with the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Documents and Archives (Žin. 2004, Nrs 57-1982), the Lithuanian Central State Archive has taken over the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis Seimas Council's audio documents and documents of meetings, sessions, conferences, from the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis Assistant Executive Secretary Mrs Ona Volungevičiūtė. The document is preserved in a specific building, constructed in 1975, and renovated according to modern standards in 2007. The building is on the outskirts of the city.

2.15. Degree of Preservation

Quality of the document tape is good. The sound quality of the document is also good.. The document is preserved in storage room on specific wooden shelves. The microclimate and functioning of all the appliances is regulated and controlled automatically. This provides favourable conditions for the long-term preservation of the document as required by the recommendations of the International Standard Organization. There are also automatic fire detection and extinguishing systems.

3. Audio document. The first meeting of the sixth session of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas, 23 August 1989, Vilnius, Lithuania.

3.1. Institution

Lithuanian Central State Archive

3.2. Address

O.Milašiaus g. 21, LT-10102 Vilnius, Lithuania

3.3. Inventory number of the object

Temporary numbers - Mg 242 and Mg 243 (document under inventory).

3.4. Type

Audio document

3.5. Name/Title

The first meeting of the sixth session of the Lithuanian Sąjūdis Seimas, 23 August 1989, Vilnius, Lithuania

3.6. Compiler (creator) of the document

Representatives of the Seimas Council of the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sajūdis

3.7. Place of compilation (creation)

Vilnius Drama Theatre, Vilnius, Lithuania

3.8. Date of compilation (creation)

23 August 1989

3.9. Language

Lithuanian

3.10. Material

2 magnetic tapes

3.11. Duration

120 min. 42 sec.

3.12. Description of the object

The document consists of 2 magnetic tapes. (BASF LH-EI 90). Sound quality is good.

3.13. Description of the contents

The Chairman of the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis Seimas Council Vytautas Landsbergis opens the session; he reminds participants of the significance of the 23 August 1989, underlines the fact that Lithuania is on her way to eliminating the consequences of the illegal Molotov - Ribbentrop Pact and restoring the Independence of the State; the Baltic Way action taking place on that very day -23 August - proves the firm determination of the Baltic States to regain their independence.

The agenda is read. The main issue is announced - the Declaration of the Sąjūdis Seimas Council, its approval, distribution and promulgation.

V.Landsbergis reads the first version of the Declaration, which is then distributed among the session delegates for discussions and editing. The majority approve the main idea of the Declaration - to restore the independence of Lithuania.

Then follows a long discussion on the wording of the basic statements, in particular over the principal concept - Independent Republic of Lithuania or Independent Republic of Lithuania not incorporated in the USSR.

Some delegates express doubts whether it is wise to announce the Declaration on 23 August, as there may be a great danger of USSR military aggression if the Declaration is announced. However, the majority approve the date for the presentation of the Declaration to the entire world - 23 August; the appointed Editorial Commission takes responsibility for reviewing the text of the Declaration and returning the text to the Session delegates. Proposals for the title of the Declaration start to appear.

The Editorial Commission, having finished editing, present the final version of the Declaration text which is read to everybody by Vytautas Landsbergis:

FINAL TEXT OF THE DECLARATION (original in Lithuanian)

The Declaration is adopted by the majority of participants of the session.

English version of the Declaration

1ST MEETING OF THE 6TH SESSION OF THE SĄJŪDIS SEIMAS

23 August 1989 Vilnius

To all nations, governments and people of good will

The 23 August 1989 Declaration

of the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis

on the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact

This year marks the fiftieth anniversary of the day the USSR and Germany signed the agreements and their secret protocols, which created spheres of influence in Europe and caused the beginning of World War II. Although many countries do not recognize the occupation and annexation of Lithuania and other Baltic states, the consequences of the agreements still determine the life of Lithuania and other countries, and they have not yet been eradicated. The Soviet seizure of Lithuania and other countries by military and political force, changed the character of the states, obliterating Lithuania, a member of the League of Nations, from the world political map, and brought the Lithuanian nation to the edge of destruction. However, Lithuania has never reconciled itself to its illegal status and it has never abandoned its goal to restore an independent state.

The Seimas of the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis which gathered in Vilnius on 23 August 1989 declares:

1. The secret agreements of Germany and the USSR of 23 August 1939, the 23 September 1939 and the 10 January 1941 and the documents giving evidence that they existed, are a fact. This has been confirmed by the development of political events and historical analysis.

2. The ultimatum of the 14 June 1940 presented by the USSR to the Lithuanian government and the entry of an unlimited contingent of troops into the Republic of Lithuania was an act of aggression against a sovereign state. It created the preconditions for replacing the Lithuanian government, organizing elections and forming the so-called Lithuanian People's Parliament (Seimas), which, in conditions of political dictate and terror, was forced to accept the declaration concerning the incorporation of Lithuania into the USSR. The 1940 elections to the People's Parliament (Seima) were illegal; the decisions adopted by the Seimas concerning the introduction of Stalinist Soviet rule into Lithuania and the state's request to be incorporated into the USSR - never had and have no legal basis.

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