1. Film document. Newsreel "Eesti Kroonika" (Estonian Chronicle) No. 18, 1989 - "The Baltic Way"
The National Archives of Estonia
J. Liivi 4, 50409 Tartu, Estonia
1.3. Inventory number of the object
Black and white sound film document. Master negative. Newsreel.
Newsreel "Eesti Kroonika" No.18, 1989 - "The Baltic Way"
1.6. Compiler (creator)
Director A. Vill
1.7. Place of compilation (creation)
1.8. Date of compilation (creation)
Silver gelatine on triacetate base film.
285 meters (10 minutes)
1.12. Description of the object
285 meters (10 minutes) - original picture negative, sound negative, double positive, positive - 4 cans-full set.
1.13. Description of the contents
The newsreel shows the proceedings of the event "The Baltic Way" on 23 August 1989. Original shots of the event, shots from the air, the main speeches, people standing hand in hand in the human chain.
1.14. History of the object
The newsreel was made by film company Tallinnfilm founded in 1947. The company was the largest Estonian film company during the Soviet time, official chronicle producer. The newsreels were shown before feature films. Tallinnfilm has been the source of collection of Estonian Film Archives since 1955 and when Tallinnfilm stopped the production in 1998, the original and authentic film stock was deposited in Estonian Film Archives, which is an integral part of the National Archives of Estonia. According to the copyright law Tallinnfilm owns the rights for the distribution and copying.
1.15. Degree of preservation
The quality of the newsreel is good. There are no defects. The series of newsreels were described and arranged by archive experts during 1999-2001. The storage conditions are stable; the storage has special climate equipment.
The user copies on VHS and DVD are available for the public.
The National Archives shall be guided, in the keeping of archival records, by the requirements of the archival regulations, the recommendations of the standard EVS-ISO 11799:2005 Information and documentation - Requirements for keeping archival and library materials, and by other international material specific standards (e.g. specialized archival records). In addition, documents such as the preservation policy of the National Archives, the preservation strategy of the National Archives, Risk analysis report and Disasterplan prescribe the principles of National Archives which ensure the durability and the use of the public documents in the present and the future.
4. Video document. LTV broadcasting news programme Panorama, 23 August 1989, Vilnius, Lithuania.
Lithuanian Central State Archive
O.Milašiaus g. 21, LT-10102 Vilnius, Lithuania
4.3. Inventory number of the object
LTV broadcasting news programme Panorama, 23 August 1989, Vilnius, Lithuania
4.6. Compiler (creator) of the document
LTV broadcasting news programme Panorama
4.7. Place of compilation (creation)
Vilnius, Lithuania; Riga, Latvia; Tallinn, Estonia
4.8. Date of compilation (creation)
23 August 1989
VHS-type cassette, MESECAM system
4.12. Description of the object
The recording was made directly from the National Lithuanian TV broadcast by archivists of the Lithuanian Central State Archive on 23 August 1989.
4.13. Description of the contents
The screen shows views of the Cathedral Square in Vilnius, Lithuania where people are gathering for the Baltic Way action. The narrator emphasises the impact of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact on Lithuania and other Baltic States by stressing that the Baltic Way action is a public declaration of the refusal to recognise the protocols of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. The narrator also remembers the 1988 rally in Vingis Park that served as a source of strength in the struggle for a future of freedom and paved the way for the Baltic Way action.
The former deportees - a generation that was the first to experience the consequences of violence - are the first to start joining in the Baltic Way. The ex-deportees are speaking - they are remembering those who never came back and condemning the deportation as the greatest tragedy experienced by Lithuanians and other nations affected.
Representatives of the Scout Organisation are speaking: they are expressing the hope that Lithuania will become Independent. Representatives of the Gediminaičiai Organisation have gathered right at the foot of the Gediminas Hill.
7 p.m., on the Gediminas Hill. Hands start joining. The screen shows the views from Vilnius - lines of cars, coaches bringing people to the Baltic Way. Bells are ringing.
Journalists are interviewing the participants in the rally. A member of the Nationalist Union expresses his joy that the wish of the people to regain independence is coming true and his belief in the future of an Independent Lithuania. The screen again shows views from the Baltic Way. People are being interviewed - they are all feeling elation, belief in a better future for Lithuania, hope that Lithuania will become a united and strong State. The people have come to join the Way in whole families; all generations - from the oldest to the newborn infants - are represented there.
7 p.m.: the Minute of Silence along the Way.
Views from Latvia. The commentary is in Russian. People are standing at the monument to Liberty; the unity of the Baltic peoples in their pursuit for Independence is being emphasised.
Views from Tallinn. A press conference with the leaders of the Interfront movement - they have decided to assume a neutral position and not interfere with the Baltic Way action. The solemn opening ceremony of the Baltic Way in Estonia. The screen shows Estonians who have joined hands in the Baltic Way.
Back in Lithuania. It is announced that at the same time, a word will be started from Vilnius and Tallinn and passed through the human chain to be pronounced loud and clear in Riga.
That word was FREEDOM. In three languages - Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian -people are singing Bunda jau Baltija (The Baltics are Awakening).
4.14. History of the object
The document is a special TV News Panorama broadcast, dedicated to the Baltic Way and was broadcast on 23 August 1989. The original has not survived in the Archive of the National Lithuanian TV, thus the recording preserved in the Archive is equal to the original. The video documents' copyright is under the News programme Panorama of the National Lithuanian TV. The document is preserved in a specific building, constructed in 1975, and renovated according to modern standards in 2007. The building is on the outskirts of the city.
4.15. Degree of preservation
The recording is preserved on VHS-type cassette (made by ICE), MESECAM system. Quality of the recording is medium - the sound quality is good, colours are varied. The document is preserved in storage room on specific wooden shelves. The microclimate and functioning of all the appliances is regulated and controlled automatically. This provides favourable conditions for the long-term preservation of the document as required by the recommendations of the International Standard Organization. There are also automatic fire detection and extinguishing systems.
5. Film document. Newsreel "Lietuvos kronika" (Lithuanian Chronicle) No. 18, 1989
Lithuanian Central State Archive
O.Milašiaus g. 21, LT-10102 Vilnius, Lithuania
5.3. Inventory number of the object
Film document. Newsreel
Newsreel "Lietuvos kronika" (Lithuanian Chronicle) No. 18, 1989
5.6. Compiler (creator) of the document
Directors A.Matelis, A.Stonys; cameramen R.Damulis, A.Baronas, A.Petraitis, et al.
5.7. Place of compilation (creation)
5.8. Date of compilation (creation)
Sound film, black and white, safety -triacetate film base, 35 mm,
8 min. 33 sec
5.12. Description of the object
The document consists of 35 mm, positive, double positive, sound positive on magnetic 35 mm tape. Quality of the document is good.
5.13. Description of the contents
The newsreel is about "The Baltic Way" - the solidarity action of the Baltic Republics. A line of burning candles. People keep lighting new candles. The narrator is reading a poem. Cars are slowly moving along the motorway. Sombre, majestic music is playing. People, carrying flowers, are gathering to join in the Baltic Way. The narrator reminds viewers that 50 years have already passed from the day when the two aggressors - Stalin and Hitler - divided Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania by their Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. On 23 August 1989, the Lithuanian Reform Movement Sąjūdis called on everybody to come and form a live wall. The screen shows the views from the motorway, tricolour flags flown out of the cars. Words of prayer ring in the air - a priest is serving Mass right there at the roadside. The camera is swiftly moving along the motorway leaving the lined people behind. The long line of people is shown from a bird's eye view, while the narrator is proclaiming that with this live wall, Lithuania is sending a message to the world that the Baltic countries are not only alive but also determined to decide their own destiny themselves. A forest of Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian flags is seen. The line stretches far along a town street. Monsignor Kazimieras Vasiliauskas is speaking. The camera continues recording the participants in the rally. View of the town. Bells are ringing. Accompanied by the sound of sombre music, the faces of calm and composed people - young and old - appear on the screen. The camera installed in a moving car is capturing people standing with their hands joined along the road. People are lighting candles; the narrator is reading a poem.
5.14. History of the object
The document was created on 1989 by Directors A.Matelis, A.Stonys; cameramen R.Damulis, A.Baronas, A.Petraitis, et al. in the Lithuanian Film Studio. The film document has been received in conformity with the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Documents and Archives (Žin. 2004, Nr.57-1982). Lithuanian Film Chronicles (Newsreel) are still produced in the Lithuanian Film Studio. The document is preserved in a specific building, constructed in 1975, and renovated according to modern standards in 2007. The building is on the outskirts of the city.
5.15. Degree of preservation
The document quality is good. The film document is preserved on an appropriate special metal shelf designed for film cans. In conformity with international requirements, film documents-the originals- image and sound negatives, are preserved in a separate room. After the renovations, the microclimate and functioning of all the appliances is regulated and controlled automatically. This provides favourable conditions for the long-term preservation of image and sound documents as required by the recommendations of the International Standard Organization. There are also automatic fire detection and extinguishing systems.